Madina (City of Muhammad) also known as Madinah Sharif – located on the country’s west side, alongside Red Sea coast. It is a Province of Saudia Arabia. It has an area of 151,990 km² and a population of 1,512,724 (2004 Census), divided into seven governorates (muḥafaẓat). MADINA has a very different and most extensively accepted holy place in world’s history. The sign of a novel, progressive, yet, peaceful revolution may rightly be used to define a human settlement, with a proper society, as it literally means CITY, only.
Madinah lies 447 kilometers north of the Holy City of Makkah, and the second holiest city in Islam after Makkah. It was to Madinah that the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, and his followers, faced by the hostility and persecution of the Makkhan merchants, departed in 622 AD – and, when the people of Madinah asked the Prophet to live amongst them and to arbitrate in their affairs (an invitation taken to mean their rejection of polytheism and submission to the will of the one God, Allah), it was in Madinah that the Islamic era began.
Madinah is then the city of the Prophet. As the place in which the Holy Qur’an was compiled and from which the Prophet’s companions managed the affairs of the Muslim community, it was the seat of the first Islamic state. From Madinah, armies, spreading the word of the Prophet, were dispatched to Egypt, Persia and Syria. Madinah is also the place in which the Prophet, peace be upon him, was buried.
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