Istanbul – The largest city of Turkey, forming the country’s economic, cultural, and historical heart. Having a population of around 13.4 million, the city is at the center of the second-largest urban area in Europe and among the world’s biggest cities by population within city limits. It has a area of 5,343 square kilometers (2,063 sq mi) is coterminous with Istanbul Province, of which the city is considered capital. on both sides of the Bosphorus—one of the world’s busiest waterway—in northwestern Turkey, between the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea, Istanbul is a transcontinental city, with one third of its population living in Asia but its profitable and historical center in Europe.
In 2010, around Seven million foreign visitors arrived in Istanbul; it was than named as European Capital of Culture, making it the world’s tenth-most popular tourist destination. The city’s biggest draw remains its historic center, somewhat listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, but its cultural and entertainment center have moved across the city’s natural harbor, the Golden Horn, to the Beyoğlu district. Ranked an alpha- global city, Istanbul hosts the H.Q. of many Turkish companies and media outlets and accounts for more than a quarter of the country’s gross domestic product. Hopeful to take advantage of on its revitalization and fast expansion, Istanbul is presently bidding for the 2020 Summer Olympics.