Cesky Krumlov – A small city located in the South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It is famous for the fine architecture and art of the historic old town and Český Krumlov Castle. Ancient Český Krumlov is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and was given this status along with the significant Prague castle district. The city is named Český Krumlov (“Bohemian Krumlov”) to distinguish it from Moravský Krumlov (“Moravian Krumlov”) which is located in the southeast of the country. Town and castle construction was begun in the late 13th century at a ford in the Vltava River, which was vital in trade routes in Bohemia. In 1302 the town and castle were owned by the House of Rosenberg.
Český Krumlov is a substantial cultural center, hosting a number of festivals and other events each year. Well-known is the Five-Petalled Rose Festival (the name is derived from the Rožmberk crest of a 5 petal red rose), which is celebrated on the weekend of summer solstice in June.