Sundarbans is an exceptional and very large forest and it bears the proud title of the largest mangrove forest on the planet Earth. This forest is so large that cannot fit in a single country. It is divided between Bangladesh (six thousand square kilometers) and India (four thousand square kilometers).
The forest has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997. The forests aren’t just mangrove swamps though; they include several last remaining stands of the mighty jungles which once covered the Gangetic plain. Since 1966 the Sundarbans have been a wildlife preserve, and it is likely that there are now 400 Royal Bengal tigers and about 30,000 marked deer in the area.
Sundarbans was labeled by a Ramsar site on May 21, 1992. The fertile soils of the delta have been subject to exhaustive human use for centuries, and the Eco region has been mostly transformed to intensive agriculture, with few reserves of forest remaining. The remaining forests, together with the Sundarbans mangroves, are important habitat for the rare tiger. Additionally, the Sundarbans helps to protect flood barrier for the millions of populations in and around Kolkata (Calcutta) against the result of hurricane activity.
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