Gerome national park is located in central Anatolia – Turkey is a spectacular landscape. The Landscape has resulted naturally as a result of erosion and dates back to 4th Century. This interests most of the tourists. The rock-hewn sanctuaries of Goreme Valley and its nearby areas illustrates the unique Byzantine art (post-iconoclastic period).The remains from 4th century include troglodyte villages, dwellings and some underground towns. The density of its rocky cells, incredible churches, ancient troglodyte villages and hidden cities within the rock creations brings its significance to another level, makes it one of the most outstanding and largest cave-dwelling developments of the world. The ‘Fairy Chimneys” or hoodoos are the name of valleys, succession of mountain ridges and pinnacles formulated as a result of erosion. Göreme National Park and its nearby rock sites of Cappadocia includes the area amongst the cities of Nevşehir, Ürgüp and Avanos, and some areas of Karlık, Soğanlı, Yeşilöz and the underground cities of Derinkuyu and Kaymaklı.
The landscape is marked by extinct volcanoes with Erciyes Dag on south and Hasan Dag at east. The length of Erciyes Dag is 3916m and Hasan Dag is 3253m. The park and rock sites have also been modified by and for centuries as was used by several civilizations through the eras. A few monuments are in danger including the El Nazar, and Meryemana which is also famous for Virgin Mary churches. The site is regularly visited by tourist so needs a constant maintenance.
The park is included in the World heritage as it full fills several criteria including unique artistic achievement to post radical Byzantine art period, the vestiges of disappeared civilizations of 4th century and the demonstration of the erosion forces which changed the Goreme Valley and its nearby areas and networked with the cultural components of landscape. The visit to this landscape can change the profound vision of the visitor which educates and adds a lot to the historic knowledge and along with that makes one wonder over the natural beauty.
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