Mosques, the place of practicing religious norms (Islam) for Muslims are built with different architectures, designs and outlooks following the era, location and the regime. Quba Mosque located in Madinah al Munawra (Saudi Arabia) is one of the example of the oldest known mosques. The plain white architecture, huge minarets, arabesque latticework, portico and ribbed domes along the road side in the well maintain green surroundings portray the symbol of Islamic simplicity in a unique manner.
Mosque Quba was the first mosque built by Islamic Holy Prophet (PBUH), on his arrival to Madinah al Munawara after migration from Makkah al Mukarma. The foundation was built by Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and afterwards his companions completed the task of building Mosque Quba. The Holy Prophet Muhammad stayed in this mosque for 20 days while waiting for his companions to join him after migration. Mosque Quba is of significant importance for Muslims. . Mosque Quba was rebuilt in 1986 under supervision of Egyptian Architect Abdel-Wahed-El-Wakil and Stuttgart tensile architect Mahmoud Bodo Rasch. During the renovation the old design was taken as an inspiration with the latest architecture merged in, the area of the mosque was increased and the addition e.g. offices, library were made. Today Mosque Quba has many sections including, spacious rectangular prayer hall, residential area, offices, library, ablution facilities and shops.
The total area of Mosque Quba is 13,500 square meters while the prayer hall alone covers an area of about 5035 square meters. Mosque Quba has six entrances facing north, east and west facades. There are four Domes that mark each corner of the Mosque Quba. The women prayer hall connected to the northern entrance is separated by a screen.
Mosque Quba has always been important to the Muslims throughout the ages. The renovation also took place in the regime of Caliph Uthmaan-ibn-Affan (Usman-ibn-Affan) and Umar-ibn-Abd-al-Azeez until the final renovation in 20th Century (1406AH). According to Islamic tradition, offering of prayer (nafl) in Mosque Quba is highly reward able for Muslims, The Holy Prophet Muhammad used to pray there every Saturday while his stay in Madinah. The offered two rakat of nafl is requital to one Umrah (Hadith by Ahmed ibn Hanbal, Al-Nasai, Ibn Majah and Hakim al-Nishaburi.