Iceland, a small island country with north Atlantic climate is also known as “Land of Waterfalls”. The climate results in recurring rain and snow fall. The huge glaciers melt away in summers channelling water into many rivers. Iceland is located near the Arctic region. Some of the most prominent waterfalls of Iceland are Dettifoss, Selfoss, Hafragilsfoss, Godafoss and Aldeyjarfoss.
The most powerful waterfall is Dettifoss, located on the river Jökulsá á Fjöllum in Vatnajökull National Park. The Jökulsá á Fjöllum River originating from Vatnajokull glacier collects water from a large area in Northeast Iceland. The width of Dettifoss waterfall is 100 meters (330ft) and the splashing height is 45 meters (150 ft) into the Jökuls á rgljúfur canyon. Having an average flow of 193 m2/s, it is the largest waterfall of Iceland in terms of volume and most powerful waterfall of Europe. Tourists can access by newly built new tarmac road (2011). On the east bank of waterfall there is staff to guide the tourists.
One amazing waterfall on river Jökulsá á Fjöllum is Selfoss (11 meters, 36 ft high). The level of water in river is affected by several factors including volcanic activity, climatic conditions and more precisely on weather. The water flows through Selfoss waterfall and then downstream into Dettifoss waterfall after covering an area of a few hundred meters. The tourists visiting Dettifoss waterfall have to walk for 30 minutes in order to feel the magic of Selfoss waterfall.
Hafragilsfoss is another waterfall that downstreams from Dettifoss. The Hafragilsfoss waterfall like Selfoss and Dettifoss is also on river Jökulsá á Fjöllum. It is also a powerful waterfall with falls on both sides over a height of 27 meters and width of 91 meters.
The list does not end, another spectacular waterfall is named Goðafoss (waterfall of the gods) is on river Skjálfandafljót. The height of Goðafoss waterfall is 12 meters and width is 30 meters. The astonishing and spectacular Goðafoss waterfall has a story of Lawspeaker Þorgeir Ljósvetningagoði (999 or 1000) related to it. The Þorgeir Ljósvetningagoði after embracement of Christianity went to the waterfall and threw all his statues and idols in it. Another striking event of the history related to the Goðafoss waterfall is the sinking of ship MS Goðafoss (named after Goðafoss waterfall) World War II due to German attack. The ship carried hundreds of passengers in it.
Aldeyjarfoss waterfall on river Skjálfandafljót is another name on the list of amazing waterfalls of Iceland. The height of Aldeyjarfoss waterfall is 20 meters. The uniqueness of Aldeyjarfoss waterfall is that it provides a contrasting view of black basalt columns and white water.
The tourists, nature explorers and adventure lovers visit the waterfalls of Iceland to feel the deafening roar of the cascading, falling waters. These places are vantage point of glaciers. Most of the waterfalls can be reached by enjoying the scenic views through drive and some easy hiking. Nonetheless, whoever visits Iceland waterfalls never regrets being there.
Selfoss Waterfalls Iceland