Vatican is known to be the smallest city state of the world that is confined within the boundaries separating it from Rome. It came into existence in 1929. Vatican has a total area of 44 hectares (0.44 kilometer square). The total population of the Vatican is only 920 as estimated in 2015. With this area and population statics, Vatican is declared to be the smallest independent state in the world for both parameters.
Vatican is also referred as the Holy See. The popularity of Vatican is largely because of St. Peter’s Basilica which is presently known to be the biggest church in the world. The most noteworthy art work that can be seen in the St. Peter’s Basilica includes the Pieta and the Creation of Adam by Renaissance. There are one billion members of the church who contribute generously.
The population of the Vatican mainly consists of people serving the church. For all those who are in the territory of Italy, there is no need to own a passport to visit Vatican. Besides generating revenue from the church donations and museum fee, the country economy mainly depends on sale of postage stamps and tourist mementos.
In this landlocked state you will not find any airport or even regular highways. It is a country with streets which you can easily explore on foot. There are trains that are used as transport from Rome to Vatican. In comparison to a regular mall in Washington, Vatican is just 70 percent of it in size. Vatican is also known for the astronomical observatory and the radio station.
Vatican relies on the Italian infrastructure to successfully run its governance although the pope is considered to be the one and all of the state. Italy is also responsible for the defense of the Vatican. Vatican holds sovereignty which illustrates the fact that no other state can rule or have power over its territory. Vatican is also an observer in United Nations. The currency used in Vatican is Italian lira although they have their own coins.
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