We all know that Greenland is the largest island, what about the world smallest island. The world’s smallest island as declared by the Guinness of book of world record is Bishop Rock. As per definition of island defined by British Government, an island is a piece of land that is either inhabited or has enough grass for at least one sheep. This definition was given in 1861.
Bishop Rock does fulfil the criteria of a proper island and was awarded the smallest island award. The island is a part of Isles of Scilly. The Isles of Scilly lies in the south western tip of Cornish peninsula. At low tide the total area of the island can be compared to three tennis courts, which is almost 46 meters.
The Bishop Rock is the smallest island with a building on it. There is a light house that can be easily spotted. The history of the little iron lighthouse goes back to 1800 as there were many accidents that lead to the need of building a proper light house. Its construction started in 1847 but was completed in 1858.
The Bishop Rock was also known as Men Epskop in middle ages as the place was used to keep criminals for a few days before abandoning them to the sea. Later the construction of light house changed the purpose of the Island. The light house served well although initially there were many accident and mishaps during construction. The light house today is commonly known as the “King of the lighthouses”.
Many people who used to operate light house or wanted to visit island rode boats in order to reach the Bishop Rock. Later on in 1976 a helipad was built to facilitate traveling towards island. Today you can reach the island either via helicopter or a boat. If you are a curious traveller then visiting this island could be on your list.