Most of the time whenever you hear a word ‘Desert’ the illusionary picture that comes to mind is of land covered with sand with no vegetation and a blazing sun. Sahara Desert is commonly mentioned desert as an example. To your amazement Sahara is not the largest desert of the world, it seconds none other than Antarctic, the Polar Desert.
Antarctica is the cold winter desert. By definition a desert is a place that receives precipitation less than 250 millimetres annually. Antarctica, the southernmost continent is frostiest, driest and breeziest continent of all. Antarctica is also known to be the smallest continent in terms of population.
Antarctica, the largest desert has an area of 13,829,430 square kilometers. As you Google Antarctica you will find that about 98 percent of Antarctica is ice and barely 2 percent is barren rocks. The most popular and known place of Antarctica is Ushuaia. At places located on higher altitudes Antarctica is nothing but all white with ice.
Many places in Antarctica are unreachable due to drastic weather conditions and have never been explored. The annual precipitation in Antarctica is mostly less than 51mm. The scarce human population is just composed of about 1000 to 5000 researchers. The enthusiastic scientists have their headquarters scattered throughout the Antarctica.
The fauna of Antarctica mostly includes penguins, seals and mites. The flora includes algae and tundra vegetation. The temperature can go as low as −80 °C (−112 °F) to −90 °C (−130 °F). The highest recorded temperature is between 5 °C (41 °F) and 15 °C (59 °F). Some of the touring flights from Australia and New Zealand have been operated in past years. These flights do not land. Initially these flights were also hindered by accidents. This ice covered Desert is not an easy place to visit or explore but it has its own magnetism in what it is.
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